Saturday, May 23, 2020

Disorganized Vs. Disorganized Schizophrenia Disorder

Disorganized Schizophrenia Disorder Hunter Boumans Central Louisiana Technical Community College †¢ DEFINITION- Also called hebephrenia, disorganized schizophrenia is one of the main 5 subtypes of schizophrenia. These patients generally have extreme disorganized behavior as well as other disorganized symptoms; however they do not have traditional symptoms of schizophrenia such as delusions and hallucinations. †¢ POSSIBLE CAUSE- Exact cause is unknown. It is believed that hormones place a role in other types of schizophrenia. In this type of schizophrenia, physical degeneration is mostly responsible for symptom. †¢ RISK FACTORS- According to Mayo Clinic: Abusive childhood Trauma while still in the womb Paternal age older than 40 Contracting a disease while in the womb Use of drugs and alcohol Brain injury Closed head trauma Chemotherapy †¢ SIGNS/SYMPTOMS- According to American Psychiatric Association Mayo Clinic: Symptoms are similar to catatonic subtype, therefore catatonic schizophrenia should be eliminated first. Symptoms include: Disorganized speech (such as rambling, not able to understand) Disorganized thinking Flat affect Childish mannerism Grossly disorganized behavior Inappropriate emotion- either no emotion or non-fitting emotion Inappropriate facial resaponses Anhedonia Active behavior Avolition- lack of motivation †¢ TREATMENT- Patient will need treatment for the rest of their life. During times of crisis they mayShow MoreRelatedSymptoms And Treatment Of Schizophrenia1970 Words   |  8 PagesIntroduction Throughout this paper I will discuss schizophrenia, what the characteristics associated with it are, how schizophrenia is diagnosed, treated, side effects, prognosis and how it impacts the person and people involved with them. I will also discuss how this disease has personally impacted my patient who has struggled with this disease for many years. Client Assessment My patient is a Native American female between the ages of 30-40. She is currently unemployed who has a history of beingRead MoreThe Effects Of Schizoaffective Disorder On Mental Illness1283 Words   |  6 PagesMental disorders are a very serious condition that can cause suicide, family/friend problems, and even social complication. Schizoaffective disorder is an extremely dangerous and sometimes harmful disease. Often times a mental disease is not cause by dropping someone on their head but, what they are fed, how they are treated, and their social life. Most often the best cure for a mental disease is not medical treatment: it is how others treat and talk to them. The disease is very uncommon with onlyRead MoreSchizophrenia Vs. Bipolar Disorder972 Words   |  4 PagesSchizophrenia vs. Bipolar Disorder By Jenita Johnson October 29, 2015 Schizophrenia vs. Bipolar Disorder There are many mental illnesses that are diagnosed and common amongst adults and children today. The two most common mental illnesses are schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. These illnesses are considered the two most functional psychotic disorders. Schizophrenia is a chronic condition with an increase in severity of its symptoms but always has some background to its symptoms. Bipolar disorderRead MoreNature Vs Nurture Debate1291 Words   |  6 PagesHow is the nature vs nurture debate related to a consideration of the mental disorder, schizophrenia? INTRODUCTION Schizophrenia is categorized by thoughts or experiences that seem abnormal with reality, disorganized speech or behaviour and decreased participation in regular daily activities. Difficulty with memory and concentration are sometimes also present. The two hit hypothesis generally refers to a genetic vulnerability, which is known as the first hit, triggered by something in the environmentRead MoreNature Vs Nurture : Is The Nature Or Nurture?1300 Words   |  6 PagesAoS 3: Student Directed Research Investigation Unit 1 Psychology - Megan Rodrigues RESEARCH QUESTION How is the nature vs nurture debate related to a consideration of the mental disorder, schizophrenia? INTRODUCTION Schizophrenia is categorized by thoughts or experiences that seem abnormal with reality, disorganized speech or behaviour and decreased participation in regular daily activities. Difficulty with memory and concentration are sometimes also present. The two hit hypothesis generally refersRead MoreSchizophreni A Devastating Psychotic Disorder1710 Words   |  7 Pages Could you imagine waking up one day realizing you not only lost everything you thought you once had, but realizing they never existed? Schizophrenia is a â€Å"Devastating psychotic disorder that may involve characteristic disturbances in thinking, perception, speech, emotions, and behavior.† (Barlow Durand, 2015, 2012). Meaning that it’s a mental disorder that completely allows your mind to be in an altered state, making it almost impossible to tell the difference between the real truth and the truthRead MoreIs Schizophrenia A Serious Mental Illness?934 Words   |  4 PagesWhat is schizophrenia? Schizophrenia is a serious mental illness that interferes with a person’s ability to think clearly, manage emotions, make decisions and relate to others. It is a complex, long-term medical illness Affects about 1% of Americans. The average age of onset tends to be in the late teens to the early 20s for men, and the late 20s to early 30s for women. Patho We do not completely understand the patho of the disease however, Neuroimaging studies show differences between the brainsRead MoreWith New Discoveries That Are Made Every Day, The Science1134 Words   |  5 Pagespsychological disorders, the list of possible diagnoses has exponentially increased from the original general categories. Likewise, as psychology as a practice exposed the dimensions of the human mind, it established the fine–tuned disorders that be found in Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) of Mental Disorders of the American Psychiatric Association. A prime example is Schizotypal Personality Disorder. As a relatively recent concept, Schizotypal Personality Disorder (STPD) is a disorder that couldRead MoreSchizophrenia: Treatment and Diagnosis Essay1187 Words   |  5 Pages Schizophrenia: Treatment and Diagnosis In 1809, physician John Haslam published an account of what he considered â€Å"A form of insanity†. Haslam described many symptoms that are relevant to modern day schizophrenia including delusions of grandeur and hallucinations. During the latter part of the nineteenth century, a German psychiatrist named Emil Kraepelin expanded on Haslam’s views and gave a more accurate description of schizophrenia as we know it today. Kraeplin startedRead MoreMental Illnesses Have Become A Serious Concern Today Essay1566 Words   |  7 Pagesan individual can begin to develop other symptoms that can lead to any mental illnesses. Depending on the severity a person can develop hallucinations, social isolations, disorganized behavior, aggression compulsive behavior, etc. Thus, not only a person can be diagnosed with depression and anxiety but it can lead schizophrenia in the future without any professional treatment. When the symptoms are ignored or go unnoticed, the result s are tragic damaging the individual and others. Many young teenagers

Monday, May 18, 2020

Character Analysis Of Invisible Man - 711 Words

The narrator not only tells the story of Invisible Man, he is also its principal character. Because Invisible Man is a bildungsroman (a type of novel that chronicles a character’s moral and psychological growth), the narrative and thematic concerns of the story revolve around the development of the narrator as an individual. Additionally, because the narrator relates the story in the first person, the text doesn’t truly probe the consciousness of any other figure in the story. Ironically, though he dominates the novel, the narrator remains somewhat obscure to the reader; most notably, he never reveals his name. The names that he is given in the hospital and in the Brotherhood, the name of his college, even the state in which the college is†¦show more content†¦As a result, just as a division exists between Ellison and the narrator, a division arises between the narrator as a narrator and the narrator as a character. Ellison renders the narrator’s voice a s that of a man looking back on his experiences with greater perspective, but he ensures that the reader sees into the mind of the still-innocent character. He does so by having the narrator recall how he perceived of events when they happened rather than offer commentary on these events with the benefit of hindsight. The narrator’s innocence prevents him from recognizing the truth behind others’ errant behavior and leads him to try to fulfill their misguided expectations. He remains extremely vulnerable to the identity that society thrusts upon him as an African American. He plays the role of the servile black man to the white men in Chapter 1; he plays the industrious, uncomplaining disciple of Booker T. Washington during his college years; he agrees to act as the Brotherhood’s black spokesperson, which allows the Brotherhood to use him. But the narrator also proves very intelligent and deeply introspective, and as a result, he is able to realize the extent to which his social roles limit him from discovering his individual identity. He gradually assumes a mask of invisibility in order to rebel against this limitation. The narrator first dons the mask after his falling-out with the Brotherhood, in Chapter 22. He becomes even more invisible in Chapter 23,Show MoreRelatedInvisible Man Character Analysis1760 Words   |  8 Pagesmoment in the text, if they ever physically make an appearance at all. It is the comical distortion of their nonexistent or brief physical occurrence in the text that demands a closer examination and analysis of the character to the text as a whole. Ralph Ellison fabricated such a character in Invisible Man, famously known by all of Harlem as Rinehart. Rinehart never physically appears in the novel, and is only known to both the reader and the narrator for his various reputations. While the narratorRead MoreInvisible Man Character Analysis1533 Words   |  7 PagesIf you skipped from the end of the prologue of Invisible Man, by Ralph Ellison, all the way until the protagonist’s eviction speech, you would probably pick up the plot and character developments without a p roblem. The first few ordeals described in the novel can be infuriating because of the narrator’s naà ¯ve outlook and his persistence in trying to follow a ‘respectable’ path upwards in life. All of the psychological shifts that lead up to the captivating scenario from the first few pages happenRead MoreInvisible Man-Character Analysis1691 Words   |  7 Pagesthroughout the South through cooperating with the white people 6. died in 1915 To those of my race who depend on bettering their condition in a foreign land or who underestimate the importance of cultivating friendly relations with the Southern white man, who is their next-door neighbour, I would say: â€Å"Cast down your bucket where you are†Ã¢â‚¬â€cast it down in making friends in every manly way of the people of all races by whom we are surrounded.   Cast it down in agriculture, mechanics, in commerce, in domesticRead MoreThe Invisible Man Character Analysis1150 Words   |  5 PagesH.G wells and Joyce Carol Oates utilize negative emotions of their characters in order to showcase the complexities of their motives. Griffin, the protagonist of the book The Invisible Man, is egotistical and selfish, but this is just his outer emotions. Throughout the story there are hints at a complex background behind the famed invisible man that contribute to the reason for his erratic behavior. This is the same with the Arnold Friend, the main antagonist for Wells short story Where Are You GoingRead MoreCharacter Analysis Of Ralph Ellisons Invisible Man920 Words   |  4 Pagesnovel Invisible Man, by Ralph Ellison, the main character, Invisible Man, is taken on a journey to find himself and who he is. Along the way, he meets multiple people who change and morph him, but he comes to find out that he had been invisible the whole time. Not physically, of course; he could be touched and people saw him. But just because people saw him, doesn’t mean he was being seen. He was irrelevant and unnecessary, according to that time period’s society and standards. He was invisible, andRead MoreCharacter Analysis of Brother Jack and Brother Tod in Ralph Ellison’s, The Invisible Man696 Words   |  3 PagesRalph Ellison’s â€Å"The Invisible Man†, is a novel that reveals the characters psychological growth. Also, in this novel the story revolves around the narrator as an individual. In this novel the narrator relates t he whole story in a first person point of view in which his name is never revealed. The narrator remains a voice throughout the entire novel, never establishing a concrete presence in the story. This is why he is looked at as an â€Å"invisible man.† In the novel, he is an African AmericanRead MoreAnalysis Of The Prologue Of Ralph Ellison s Invisible Man1367 Words   |  6 PagesIn the prologue of Ralph Ellison’s Invisible Man, the unnamed narrator says that he is invisible, for he is not actually seen—or rather recognized—for his true self but through the imaginations of others’ minds. As surreal as his life under this â€Å"invisibility† and, literally, the ground is, the Invisible Man convinces with vivid details and emphatic diction. But the passage detailing his hallucination seems out of place, as it has far more ambiguous language and moral. However, his hallucinationRead MoreInvisible Man1629 Words   |  7 PagesAmanda Trujillo Gianunzio English 1B 24 October 2017 Invisible Man: Impact of Invisibility and Blindness on Individual identity The themes of blindness and invisibility are evident throughout the novel. The society is blind to the behavior and characteristics of the narrator. The narrator makes himself invisible since he knows the society already sees him as an unimportant individual. The aspect of invisibility is evident throughout the novel including his aim of impressing the white, his innocenceRead MoreInvisible Man by Ralph Ellison Essay1403 Words   |  6 Pages nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;In Ralph Ellison’s novel, Invisible Man, the narrator is a young, African-American male who believes that he is invisible. Throughout the novel, he spends a great amount of time and effort trying to figure out his identity and find a way to make himself visible in society. One of the narrator’s main attempts brings him to join an organization known as the Brotherhood, where he is able to utilize his talent for public speaking as an advocate for the Brotherhood and allRead MoreBlack Men And The Brotherhood Essay1422 Words   |  6 Pagesblack men to amplify their visibility and expedite their success. The Brotherhood is an organization led by Brother Jack that entices the Invisible Man, recruits him, and takes advantage of his invisibility to spark a riot in the streets of Harlem. The Brotherhood takes advantage of his invisibility in multiple ways: the organization advises the Invisible Man during his speeches, the organization sends him across New York as it see fit, the organization gives him money, and the organization fuels

Monday, May 11, 2020

Don Giovanni Opera in Modern Times Essay - 723 Words

Don Giovanni Opera in Modern Times Music has the capability to bring forth many emotions and feelings in a person. Depending on the tone and the melody of the music, emotions such as anger, joy, and grief may arise. For example, rap music, in general, brings forth emotions such as anger, frustration, and rage to a persons mind. Melodies such as Celine Dions My Heart Will Go On and Aerosmiths I Dont Want To Miss A Thing often arouse emotions of love, sadness, and hope; lovey-dovey feelings which remind a person of a past or current love. In Mozarts Opera Don Giovanni, many emotions and feelings, such as hatred, distress, and sorrow are portrayed and felt through the characters. Opera is a unique genre of spoken word and†¦show more content†¦Although her words are brash and unkind (regardless of how just she is in her accusations), the music carries a distinctive rhythm that provokes the feeling of sorrow and pain; thus one finds oneself feeling sympathy for Elvira. The character of Elvira makes a clear distinction between her sorrow, and her anger. In Act I when Elvira is first introduced as a character, she sings of wanting to kill Don Giovanni because he had lied to her. Falsely promising her his hand in marriage, this only leads to heartache and distress for Elvira because she truly believed that he loved her. Leporello described it, in the Peter Sellars updated version of Don Giovanni, as a bad soap opera. Elvira expresses her pain and suffering in these few lines: Ah, who can tell me where that wretch has gone? I loved him, to my shame, and he broke his faith to me. If I find him again, and he tries to escape, Ill make a horrible scandal; Ill tear his heart from his breast! (Act I, 143). During this scene, Elvira vows to kill Don Giovanni for causing her this grief. She states that the scoundrel (Don Giovanni) has deceived and betrayed (Act I, 145) her! She was powerless to his love and gained nothing in return except pain and anguish. One can hear the mixed tone of Elviras voice; it is strong and full of fury, yet weak and almost tearful. To accompany her words, Mozart has added a unique blend of classicalShow MoreRelatedPhantom of the Opera Review776 Words   |  3 Pages Phantom of the Opera is the longest running musical to date and has become one of the most beloved and well known musicals on Broadway. The musical was inspired and loosely based on the characters and the story of the book Phantom of the Opera by Gaston Leroux. This CD is the original London cast which means that this recording is with the first cast that ever preformed the musical with the actors that created the parts. The musical was written and composed by Andrew Lloyd Webber who is one of theRead MoreVocal Music Essay720 Words   |  3 Pagesprimarily a period of instrumental music. The major composers of the time focused on new instrumental styles and forms. Vocal music wasnt nearly as important as it had been in the past. The Lieder (songs) written by Haydn, Mozart, and Beethoven are not considered to be as important as their instrumental w ork. The operas composed by Haydn to entertain the guests at Esterhà ¡zy have vanished into history, and Beethoven wrote only one opera, Fidelio. However, the age did have some significant and lastingRead MoreEssay about Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart799 Words   |  4 PagesAmadeus Mozart baptized as Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart lived from January 27, 1756 to December 5, 1791. Mozart was a very influential and prolific composer of more than 600 works, including symphonies, concertante, chamber, piano, opera, and choral music. Regarded as a child prodigy, Mozart composed and performed in the European courts from the age of five, and was engaged at the Salzburg court at 17. Mozart’s musical style can be classified as Classical, although he learned fromRead MoreWestern Art Music : A Constant State Of Flux Since Its Creation1426 Words   |  6 Pageshas been unparalleled and unwavering for hundreds of years from sacred medieval music to modern day pop hits. Western Art music began taking the shape that we know today after the fall of Rome with Medieval music. Almost all music from that time was commissioned by the church (Secular music) and were required to be written down in order to share with other members of the congregation. All music at this time was monophonic (containing only one melody line) in droning style which is usually referredRead MoreWolfgang Amadeus Mozart, A Moral Law1440 Words   |  6 Pagesspent most of his time on the tours around Europe observing, learning, and listening to various styles of music and perfecting his own style, eventually writing a couple of operas. After returning to Salzburg in 1773, Wolfgang found a job as assistant concertmaster in the court of the Archbishop. During this time, he composed symphonies, string quartets, sonatas, serenades, and operas. He developed a passion for the violin and the piano and wrote a few pieces for each. However, with time, he grew discontentRead MoreThe Main Dif ference Between Opera And Musical Theatre1591 Words   |  7 Pagesimagining opera one cannot help but picture the iconic pigtailed woman wearing the horned helmet and holding a spear. This image certainly is an element of opera (Bloom) yet the discipline holds much more. Since its origins in sixteenth century Italy (Parker) opera has been fundamental to the performing arts. By understanding its rich history as well as its contemporary trends arts administrators may continue to present this beloved art form to their audiences. The word opera, in its modern senseRead MoreTop Ten1569 Words   |  7 Pagesreflections of the developments in world events and cultural patterns. This paper will present two pieces of art, music, architecture, literature, and philosophy from the Enlightenment and Romanic Ages that best represents the developments patterns from that time. Philosophy in the Enlightenment Age focused on an individual’s right to life and liberty. One example of a philosopher from this age is Thomas Jefferson. He famously wrote the Declaration of Independence (1776) that the Continental Congress signedRead MoreThe Music Of The Concert914 Words   |  4 PagesOn Friday, October 30th at 7:30PM, I attended Western Kentucky University’s symphony. It was held in Van Meter Hall. The event was named â€Å"It’s time for a treat.† The symphony was conducted by Dr. Brain St. John. Before it began, I read over the program that was handed out to find out basic information about the concert. The history of the pieces helped in understanding them. The concert featured many well-known works of famous composers such as Camille Saint-Saens, Modest Mussorgsky, and BerliozRead MoreThe Man Called Peter Brook1009 Words   |  4 Pagesbestselling product was a laxative called ‘Brooklax’. Peter’s older brothe r became a psychiatrist†, (Peter Brook).Ever since Brook was a little kid, he had a huge interest in film making. He went to school at Magdalen College of Oxford to read English and Modern Languages. â€Å"Brook’s first job after graduation was as a writer/director with the Crown Film Unit. Although theatre directing was his second career choice, he was soon employed and early classical productions at the Birmingham Repertory Theatre wereRead MoreI Attended Western Kentucky University s Symphony Concert885 Words   |  4 PagesI attended Western Kentucky University s symphony concert. It was on Friday, October 30th at 7:30pm. It was held in Van Meter Hall. Their event was named â€Å"It s time for a treat.† The symphony was conducted by Dr. Brain St. John. Before it began, I read over the program that was handed out to find out basic information. The history of the pieces helped in understanding them. The concert featured many well-known works by famous compos ers such as Camille Saint-Saens, Modest Mussorgsky, and Berlioz

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Evaluation Of The Police Department - 1146 Words

The goal of discipline is to produce desirable behavior. This function can be accomplished by encouraging appropriate behavior and punishing inappropriate or unacceptable behavior. (More Miller, 2014) As we can see in the case study of the Astonville Police Department there were some mistakes made as far as supervision goes. Some of the problems discussed could have been avoided had sound judgement and supervision been accounted for. Too many times officers are left unsupervised which can lead to an array of problems for the officers and the department as we saw in this case. This stems from the top supervisors all the way down to the street officers. The Astonville Police Department seems to be a great place to work and seems to have a†¦show more content†¦Their situation went unwatched or supervised and lead to some severe problems. Problems that could be detrimental to the police department and their policies. Looking at the above reference scenario, we can say that Serg eant Williams did not take the appropriate actions to protect everyone involved. Sergeant Williams already knew that FTO Tibbetts was seen as a â€Å"ladies man† within the department. This should have been a red flag for the Sergeant as he himself viewed Officer Roberts as â€Å"an attractive young woman†. The sergeant in this case thought that the officer would be able to handle FTO Tibbetts’ advances and be a professional. I’m sure he also thought that FTO Tibbetts would be professional. This, however, was not the case. Sergeant Williams did not monitor the training that was going on and did not see a problem until it was already too late. Knowing what he did in the beginning, Sgt. Williams should have assigned Officer Roberts to another FTO. Sergeant Williams should have seen the signs of a possible romantic relationship going on between Officer Roberts and FTO Tibbetts. Officer Roberts received high marks for her evaluations, even after she was clear ed and released on her own she would rely solely on FTO Tibbetts for advice and back up, rumors were going around the department about the two being seen kissing, and he himself saw them in a heated argument. All of these were opportunities for Sergeant

Eating Disorders Anorexia Free Essays

It has been stated that nearly half of all Americans personally know someone with an eating disorder. This paper will show the danger and effects of Anorexia Nervosa. A study by the National Association of Anorexia Nervosa and Associated Disorders reported that ten percent of anorexics die within ten years after contracting the disease. We will write a custom essay sample on Eating Disorders: Anorexia or any similar topic only for you Order Now Anorexia has four primary symptoms Resistance to maintaining body weight at or above a minimally normal weight for age and height. Intense fear of weight gain or being â€Å"fat,† even though underweight. Disturbance in the experience of body weight or shape, undue influence of weight or shape on self-evaluation, or denial of the seriousness of low body weight, loss of menstrual periods in girls and women post-puberty. Eighteen to twenty percent of anorexics will be dead after twenty years and only forty percent ever full recover. Treatment of an eating disorder in the US ranges from %500 per day to about $2,00 per day. The average cost for a month of inpatient treatment s about $30,00. It is estimated that individuals with eating disorders need anywhere from three o six months of inpatient care. Health insurance companies for several reasons do not typically cover the cost of treating eating disorders. Do you ever think that right now, one percent of all women are starving themselves, some literally starving and exercising themselves to death? Eating disorders are becoming an epidemic; they are confusing, complex diseases that many people know little about. Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder that causes people to obsess about their weight and the food they eat. To prevent weight gain or to continue losing weight, people with anorexia nervosa may starve themselves or exercise excessively. Anorexia Nervosa is described as â€Å"one of the least understood and most intractable of all mental illnesses† (Schindehette, Sandler, Nelson and Seaman, 2003, p. 136). Many of the victims of this disease will battle it for the rest of their lives. However, if Anorexia Nervosa is diagnosed early, during the teen years, it is possible to cure it with appropriate treatment (Cooper, 2001). Over time, the weight loss becomes a sign of mastery and control. The drive to become thinner is actually secondary to concerns about control and/or fears relating to one’s body. Therefore, women struggling with Anorexia Nervosa need effective treatment, and after four decades of research, there is an increasing number of treatment options ranging from counseling, to nutritional therapy, to medication. Yet, some researchers and victims still advocate that there is a need for further research in this area (Kaplan, 2002; Hendricks, 2003). In order to formally diagnose an individual with Anorexia nervosa, clinicians turn to the fourth edition of the American Psychiatric Association’s Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV, 1994). The DMS-IV lists four criteria that an individual must meet in order to be diagnosed as anorexic, generally: A. The individual maintains a body weight that is about 15% below normal for age, height and body type. B. The individual has an intense fear of gaining weight or becoming fat, even though they are underweight. Paradoxically losing weight can make the fear of gaining even worse. C. The individual has a distorted body image. Some may feel fat all over, others recognize that they are generally thin but see specific body parts as being too fat. Their self worth is based on their body size and shape. They deny that their low body weight is serious cause for concern. D. In women, there is an absence of at least three consecutive menstrual cycles. A woman also meets these criteria if her period occurs only while she is taking a hormone pill (Orstoff, M Hall, L. 1999). Recognizing symptoms, such as strict dieting, weight loss, binge eating or fasting, feeling dizzy, weak, and/or depressed, in addition to insomnia; family members should seek out the advice of a health care provider. The health care provider will take a complete medical history as well as do a physical examination (Cooper, 2001). After this process is complete, then the doctor can begin treating the patient with Anorexia Nervosa, which may include referrals to specialists in counseling, nutrition and other medical fields. One traditional forms of treatment is counseling, the goal of psychotherapy is to work with the patient so that through therapy she or he will be able to control eating and maintain body weight. There are two primary types of psychotherapy, and they are individual therapy and family therapy. Individual therapy counsels one on one with the patient. Sometimes there is a team of medical specialists, yet the therapy sessions are between the patient and her doctor(s). This type of therapy has mixed results. According to an article in the Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (1999), individual therapy is superior when used in treating older adolescents and those who have late-onset Anorexia Nervosa (Robin et al. ), and a 2003 publication in The American Journal of Psychiatry concurs with this finding (Pike, Walsh, Vitousek, Wilson and Bauer). However, both articles’ findings state that individual therapy is not the best treatment for young adolescents or those with early-onset Anorexia Nervosa. While individual therapy does not work well with young adolescents or patients with early-onset Anorexia, family therapy seems to have made significant strides in treating this group of patients. In fact the Canadian Journal of Psychiatry stated, â€Å"without the involvement of the parents and family as therapeutic allies, weight gain is extremely difficult to achieve† (Geist, Heinmaa, Stephens, Davis and Katzman, 2000). Family therapy may not only employ the assistance of parents and other family members, it can also call on schools and friends as part of the treatment strategy. One such strategy is a program called the Maudsley Method. This radically new treatment option was developed in the 1980’s at the Institute of Psychiatry and Maudsley Hospital in London. This method â€Å"coaches parents to help their kids gain weight by whatever means necessary—by preparing their favorite foods, with 24-hour monitoring to prevent purging and hours of cajoling at the dinner table† (Schindehette, Sandler, Nelson and Seaman, 2003, p. 36). Many studies report significantly greater success with family based therapy. People magazine (2003) reports that while the mortality rates for AN still average around 5 to 20 percent, the Maudsley Method is reporting success rates as high as 90 percent five years after treatment was initially sought. Other studies agree that family therapy is one of the b est treatments for young adolescents and those with early-onset AN (Robin et al. , 1999; Geist, Heinmaa, Stephens, Davis and Katzman, 2000). While individual and family therapy two of the more traditional methods of treating Anorexia Nervosa, nutritional therapy, which is called psychoeducational therapy, is also commonly used. The aim of psychoeducation is the process of giving information about the nature of the disease in hopes to cultivate behavioral and attitudinal changes in the patient. Furthermore, a study has reported that family based psychoeducation produces the same results as family therapy while costing less (Geist, Heinmaa, Stephens, Davis and Katzman, 2000). However, these results may not be replicated with a group of older adolescents (Pike, Walsh, Vitousek, Wilson and Bauer, 2003). Medication Medication is another method used to treat AN. Using medication, pharmacological therapy, to treat AN also has some promising results. According to European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, â€Å"recent evidence suggests a role for medication in the relapse prevention stage of the illness† (Kotler and Walsh, 2000). Medication is commonly used along with another form of treatment, as are many of the treatments, too. This is referred to as a multidisciplinary approach. Pharmacological therapy uses medicines that help the patient reduce the fear of becoming fat, depression and anxiety as well as weight gain (Cooper, 2001). While each of these treatments reports success in various groups or when combined with other treatments, there are still individuals who do not feel that the treatments are effective. One such person is Jennifer Hendricks who authored Slim to None, which is a book that chronicles her daily struggle with AN. Many times throughout the text Hendricks stated that she did not feel that the treatments she was receiving were of any benefit. Christopher Athas, President of the American Institute of Anorexia Nervosa, stated in the foreword of Slim to None, â€Å"There is a glaring inadequacy of the mental health system to treat and fully understand this disease† (2003, p. ix). Eventually Jennifer lost her battle and died. The Canadian Journal of Psychiatry also states that there is a significant need to find â€Å"effective management that truly impacts on long-term outcome† (Kaplan, 2002, p. 236). Anorexia is not about feeling thin, proud or beautiful; take the time to listen to an anorexic and hear that they are feeling fat, unattractive and inadequate. How to cite Eating Disorders: Anorexia, Papers

Corporate Hospitality Hospitality Management Sector

Question: Discuss about the Corporate Hospitality? Answer: Introduction This study focus on the variety of skills that an employee should possess in order to sustain in the organization. It is important to make effort in working as a team without any conflict that will help in smooth functioning of the business enterprise (Mintrom and Salisbury, 2014). Every organization should believe in transparent communication where employees feel free to express their views and opinions so that there is healthy relationship between the employees and the management. Identification of key personal skills with the help of academic theories Every individual should analyze the positive skills that they are good at that will help them to work effectively in an organization and some of the skills are demonstrated under with proper justification: People skills: Teamwork- Employees working in an organization should always show interest in co coordinating with fellow team mates in order to share the goals (Barrena-Martnez et al. 2013). The main aim is to believe in flexibility and support other peoples performance as well in order to achieve the best of results. Interpersonal- It is important to build a cordial relationship with all team members so that there is comfort in working in an organization. Oral communication- Verbal communication is important with other people, which include expressing the views and opinions in order to make others understand (Baudrillard and Violeau, 2012). It is also helpful in providing with accurate information in way of presentation or acting as a true spokesperson. Written communication- It is important to convey the thought process in written scripts in a concise manner (Mackenzie and Peters, 2014). The written part should contain arguments of various readers and the recommendations therein in a clear manner. Leadership- Leadership skills includes taking control over in an effective team. It should encourage carrying out the designed task so that individual as well as organizational goal are received (Galegher, Kraut and Egido, 2014).. Self reliance skills: Self awareness- It is all about understanding own strength and making efforts to increase it at an individual level. Time management- It is important to make a check list of work and rate them according to latest priority so that all tasks can be done at once. Networking- Maintaining contacts with clients are important because that will help in future commitments. Generalist skills: Numerical ability- The ability to handle with the numbers is essential that includes providing with essential statistical data in an accurate manner. Problem solving- Employees should able to analyze the problems and come up with strategic decisions on the basis of relevant data (Martnez et al. 2013). It is important to come up with alternative solutions if required for a specified problem. Commitment- Enthusiasm should be present in getting indulge in any kind of work because that will interest people to work more. Computer literacy- With the increased changed in technology pattern, it is essential to learn to accept the change as desired. Commercial Awareness- A thorough understanding is required that includes, goals of the organization, market position as well as future direction. Identification of personal role to interact within a team, that helps in communication as well as to resolve the problems Every employees working in an organization is designed with a specific role so that there is interaction within the team members. But, there often a problem occurs at an individual level that can be solved by the leaders in the following ways: Transparent communication will encourage the employees to express their views and opinions freely to the leaders (Wang, 2014). From the point of view of leaders, they find it difficult to get into the root cause of any problem so, this type of communication can help the employees to speak up freely in a timely manner. Employees should build trust in the leaders so that they can come with their problems and feel safe that their problems will not be revealed as well as it is in safe hands. After listening to all the issues, the leaders gather up the relevant information with all other team mates and come up with a solution that will benefit the employees as well as organization (Broadbent, 2013). A healthy and safe environment will always be beneficial in order to work in an effective manner because they have trust in the management that their problems will be taken care off. Open minded people- In an organization, all types of people are present so it is found that open minded people are risk takers whereas closed minded people unnecessary involve in issue that are least important (Singal, 2014). Open minded people can easily tackle a situation because they do not believe in lengthening a particular matter and wants to work upon the solution part rather being cribbing and crying. Closed minded people make effort to exaggerate any situation or problem so that they get noticed as an important person that is not required basically in the corporate life. Problem will arise in any organization, the main point is to solve it and move on rather than increasing it without proper necessity. Strong fundamental strategy- Change of any kind is possible if only a proper strategy is maintained because that will help in creation of a basic framework. Leaders who are effective by nature are good at appointing right job for right people with the available resources. Basically, they prepare an effective action plan in advance that focuses on the problem solving strategies on the basis of utilizing the strengths (Xiao, O'Neill and Mattila, 2012). In any organization, problem solving is the integral part and this will help in growth as well as opportunity. Recommendations that could bring change in future work culture and increase in personal development Proper communication is required regarding the clear goals as well as expectations of the employees. Most of the employees are curious to know about the companys future plans, so management should inform them with the change and innovative practices so that they too feel their importance in working in an organization. Sharing information with the employees in matters relating companys growth is important because that will make them realize their worth. The numbers can also be shared so that a trust factor can be built. Its not necessary that only good news can communicated, rather bad news can also be informed in a strategic manner. Open communication is a better option because here employees feel free to express their views as well as opinions to the management (De Souza and Pai, 2013). This includes feedback session, team meetings, as well as keeping box for suggestion purpose. Efforts should be made to take the viewpoint of the employees into consideration because by this they will be interested more in the growth of the business enterprise. Communication should be from both end and any delay regarding any news can badly impact the employee engagement. Therefore, any news regarding the company should be addressed before hand so that no issues take place in the near future (West, 2012). An effective change can be brought if the employees are aware of the values, ethics as well as organizational effectiveness as they are obliged to understand the place where they are working. Employees show interest in having a perfect knowledge about the product that they have to sell as well as the reputation that the company carries on. Culture plays an important role in an organization and if a positive culture is provided to the employees, they feel free to ask any doubt to their ultimate senior (Grunig, 2013). Staff members should be given full freedom to tell the stories of their own. This means to come up with strategies that according to them can be beneficial in the long run. Trust is something without which any organization cannot run. Building of trust between employees as well as management is essential because employees follow the leaders in bad times and go to them to get the solution (Petty and Cacioppo, 2012). The company should make ways to understand the grievances of the employees and a concern is required by way of social media. Change directly is connected with the term innovation and employees always wants better way to prove themselves. A strong team culture is important whereby each and every team members feel free to interact with one another. Feedback plays an essential part because it helps in getting an overall review from the employees and their problems can also be understood. Encouragement should be provided if the employee work hard towards the growth of the organization as well as recognition of any kind. Change can be brought if each and every employee in a team has the sense of responsibility towards their work. It is well known that employees get encouraged if their work is recognized and they get the extra benefits in way of incentives. Both financial as well as non financial requirement should be encouraged because it adds to the value of the entire organization. Conclusion At the end of the study, it was noticed that for an organization to remain success, it should encourage its employees to work hard. The reason for the success lies between hard work and motivation by the employees to work for the organization and become an asset to the same. Several skills are required in order to sustain in the organization and efforts should be made to enhance it for better future. Reference List Barrena-Martnez, J., Contreiras, J. P., Jorge, F., and Carrasco, P. (2013, June). Corporate Social Responsibility as a source of attracting talent: building an Iberian framework of analysis in the Tourism and Hospitality Management Sector. Symposium on Ethics and Social Responsibility Research. Baudrillard, J., and Violeau, J. L. (2012). The ecstasy of communication. Broadbent, D. E. (2013).Perception and communication. Elsevier. Castells, M. (2013).Communication power. OUP Oxford. De Souza, C. A. M., and Pai, M. S. (2013). Corporate Social Responsibility: A Study of the Hospitality Industry in Goa.Prabandhan: Indian Journal of Management,6(8), 5-13. Galegher, J., Kraut, R. E., and Egido, C. (2014).Intellectual teamwork: Social and technological foundations of cooperative work. Psychology Press. Grunig, J. E. (2013).Excellence in public relations and communication management. Routledge. Mackenzie, M., and Peters, M. (2014). Hospitality managers' perception of corporate social responsibility: An explorative study.Asia Pacific Journal of Tourism Research,19(3), 257-272. Martnez, P., Prez, A., and Rodrguez del Bosque, I. (2013). Measuring corporate social responsibility in tourism: Development and validation of an efficient measurement scale in the hospitality industry.Journal of Travel Tourism Marketing,30(4), 365-385. Mintrom, M., and Salisbury, C. (2014). 8 Policy entrepreneurs, creative teamwork, and policy change.Making Public Policy Decisions: Expertise, Skills and Experience, 129. Petty, R., and Cacioppo, J. T. (2012).Communication and persuasion: Central and peripheral routes to attitude change. Springer Science Business Media. Singal, M. (2014). Corporate social responsibility in the hospitality and tourism industry: Do family control and financial condition matter?.International Journal of Hospitality Management,36, 81-89. Wang, C. J. (2014). Do ethical and sustainable practices matter? Effects of corporate citizenship on business performance in the hospitality industry.International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management,26(6), 930-947. West, M. A. (2012).Effective teamwork: Practical lessons from organizational research. John Wiley Sons. Xiao, Q., O'Neill, J. W., and Mattila, A. S. (2012). The role of hotel owners: the influence of corporate strategies on hotel performance.International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management,24(1), 122-139.

Friday, May 1, 2020

Melia Hotels International Management

Question: Discuss the Report for Melia Hotels International Management. Answer: Introduction This paper describes the various aspects of the ME hotels. The objective is to evaluate the depth analysis of the Melia Hotels International. It enables to determine the relevance of the brand, factor/role of hospitality facilities management, key challenges of facilities management, the use of technology and its application in facility management. Indeed, Melia Hotels International is the Spanish hotel that created by Gabriel Escarrer in 1956. It is one of the largest holiday resort provider organization in Spain. It has over 350 hotels in 40 nations under the different brands such as ME by Melia, Paradisus, Melia, Gran Melia, Sol Hotels, Club Melia and Innside by Melia. We will discuss on the ME brand by Melia Hotel International. The relevance of the brand: ME is the brand hotel of the Melia Hotels International. It was launched in 2006. It was opened in Mexico in 2007. It was started in London in 2008 with properly strand on a site. It has 7 hotels and 1523 rooms. ME hotels designed as per demands of current most progressive visitors. Its design feels at home and contemporary resort in the international capitals of culture. (Hassanien, Dale, 2013). ME London has two minutes walk from the River Thames. Out of many brands of the Melia Hotels International, the ME is one of the best brands in the market, due to its variety of services as compared to another brand. The room boast floor to ceiling windows, an LCD TV, and an integrated media hub was impressive from outside or inside of visitors. Its bathrooms include a Bali shower that is the amazing facility of it. It offers an in-house DJ. Visitors can relax in the ultra-modern Marconi Lounge Bar that provides smoothies, coffees, pastries and enjoys cocktail on the rooftop Radio in the ba r. It offers personalized service to visitors. Westminster Borough is the good choice for visitors, those are interested in theater, parks, and shopping. Melia Hotel International sales are growing 24.2 million pounds in 2003 to 335.6 million pounds in 2015 due to high growth of ME hotel brand. ME hotel brand sales growth is beneficial for the Melia Hotel International. Few visitors prefer only branded hotel because it presents the symbol of status. It is necessary for the current competitive market. (Philpott, 2013). Factor/aspect of facilities management of hospitality: It depicted the factor of facilities management in the perspective of the ME brand hotel hospitality management that is described below: Technology: It is the key factor of facility management of ME hospitality that helps to survive in the competitive market. Hotel requires a lot of technology facilities that helps to provide better services to their clients. If the ME hotel brand used high technology in their service that would be beneficial for the ME hotel growth and development in the country. (Jean, DeHony, 2014). Cost effectiveness: ME hotel offer attracts cost service to raise their clients. Cost effective is a significant factor in the facilities management that helps to reduce a cost of service that would be beneficial for the ME hotel services. (Hassanien, Dale, 2013). Environmental sustainability: It is the significant factor of the facilities management that helps to survive in the hotel industry. ME hotels provide a proper environment for the stakeholder to grow in the competitive market. A proper environment raises the ME hotel service in worldwide because stakeholder will work with fully efficiency and efforts. (Pizam, 2012). Operational efficiency: It is the significant factor of the facilities management in ME hotels that has the caliber to deliver products or services to its customers in cost effective manner with high-quality hotels services. A facility manager have to set a proper plan that helps to achieve ME brand hotels objective or goals. (Jean, DeHony, 2014). Key challenges of facilities (hospitality) management: These are the significant key challenges of facilities management in the perspective of ME brand hotel that described below: Pressure to perform high with limited resources: I t is the challenge for the ME hotel to perform better in limited resource in the country. ME has seven hotel in the worldwide and they can cover few visitors in their hotel due to the shortage of it. So, they should raise the hotel to provide maximum visitors of it. ME hotel has a lot of pressure to improve their facility in the hotel due to competition in the market. (Wood, 2013). Socially responsible solutions: Many people are attached to ME hotels such as employees, service providers, and customers. They have much social responsibilities that affected the ME hotel business in the competitive market. Aging assets: ME hotel facility management has the issue with changing assets. It assets cost are changing due to economy uncertainty in the nations. So, it is a big challenge for the ME hotel facility management. Spain has fourteen biggest economies in the perspective of GDP. Spain is the member of the World Trade Organization, European Union and the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development. In 2007-2008, Spanish economy plunged into recession. It was the big reason for the Spanish aging assets. (Vaill, 2014). Rising hotel facility costs: Due to changes in the economy, the cost of hotel facility is riding that is the challenge for the ME hotel facility management. ME is the luxury hotel that has the high cost of service that is bad for a poor person because they couldn't afford it. ME hotel provides a luxury facility that raises the cost of it as compared to their competitors. (Teicholz, 2012). Few opportunities for career development: ME hotel facility management has few opportunity to develop stakeholder career. It has seven hotel and 1523 rooms in all hotel branches that require few employees to handle the management of the hotels. So, ME hotel has few career development opportunity in the hotel industry. ME hotel doesn't follow any specific hiring process to hire their employees that are main challenge of it. Due to the shortage of the ME hotel branches, employees doesn't have more chance to transfer in another branch with the higher post. (Wood, 2013). The use of technology and its application in facility management: Mobile technology, smart TVs, high-speed internet access, lighting climate control and energy management system is the used as technology features in ME hotel in the perspective of the facility management that is described below: Mobile technology: For anytime, anywhere communication, ME hotel started mobile technology in the hotel through smartphone and tablet. Mobile technology is helpful in hotel facility management. The 2014 year was marked as greater mobile devices as compared to desktop or laptop. (Teicholz, 2012). Smart TVs: ME hotel used smart TV that attracts new clients. It is helpful in facility management of the ME hotel in Melia Hotel International. ME hotel is an installing smart TV that offers different features such as social networking, phone connectivity, USB, apps games and voice control. (Panosso, Netto, Trigo, 2014). High-speed internet access: ME hotel is providing high-speed internet access facility that attracts new clients of it. It is the beneficial for the hotel growth and development. The Internet is the significant tools of the current technology aspect in ME hotel because it is popularized in the almost all nations. Further, hight speed internet helps to raise the technology of the ME hotel. (Teicholz, 2012). Spain is a well-developed country that has high use of internet facility. So, the ME hotel provides Wi-Fi facility to improve the easy communication between two and more business person in it. Lighting and climate control: It is the significant use of technology in the hotel. It is allowing visitors to set lighting in their working, relaxing or waking up a time frame to impress the visitors to ME hotel. ME hotel branches are available in the worldwide. So, they maintained their credibility through lighting and climate control of it. (Atkin, Brooks, 2009). Lighting part is a significant in the facility management because it improves the hotel attraction for new visitors to it. ME hotel management focused on lighting part of the hotel design to impress the children visitors of it. Energy management system: It helps in ME hotel to adjust the temperature. A rainwater harvesting system, low energy lighting can reduce an ME hotel carbon footprints. It helps to raise the ME hotel facility management. Different visitor prefers to use different temperature environment that helps to fun and enjoy in the hotel. The different human body can digest a different temperature that set by energy management system. (Teicholz, 2012). Conclusion On the basis of above analysis, it can be concluded that clear relevance of the ME brand, factor/role of hospitality facilities management, key challenges of facilities management, the use of technology and its application in facility management as well as high ability to adopt new technology in ME hotel helps it to maintain its competitive position in the worldwide hotel industry. ME hotel brand is raising in the international hotel industry due to its variety of high-quality services. Melia Hotel International is surviving in the competitive market due to its variety of brands hotels in the market. References Appleby, P., (2013). Sustainable Retrofit and Facilities Management. USA: Routledge. Atkin, B., Brooks, A., (2009). Total Facilities Management. USA: John Wiley Sons. Deighton, M., (2016). Facility Integrity Management: Effective Principles and Practices for the Oil, Gas and Petrochemical Industries. Australia: Gulf Professional Publishing. Hassanien, A., Dale, C., (2013). Facilities Management and Development for Tourism, Hospitality and Events. Australia: CABI. Jean, J., DeHony, T., (2014). Life in the Hotel: Hotel History. Australia: Xlibris Corporation. Panosso, A., Netto, Trigo, L., G., (2014). Tourism in Latin America: Cases of Success. USA: Springer. Philpott, G., (2013). The Spanish Hotel: Where crime can be more than a little naughty. Australia: Troubador Publishing Ltd. Pizam, A., (2012). International Encyclopedia of Hospitality Management 2nd Edition. USA: Routledge. Teicholz, T., (2012). Technology for Facility Managers: The Impact of Cutting-Edge Technology on Facility Management. USA: John Wiley Sons. Vaill, A., (2014). Hotel Florida: Truth, Love and Death in the Spanish Civil War. USA: AC Black. Wells, J., (2003). Solutions for Energy Security Facility Management Challenges. Australia: The Fairmont Press, Inc. Wood, R., C., (2013). Key Concepts in Hospitality Management. Australia: Sage Publication.